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The UK Department for International Development (DFID) has said its commercial procurement reforms—introduced in 2017 following concerns about profiteering and unethical behavior by some contractors—are working, even as suppliers say they are penalizing smaller groups, stifling innovation, and driving down standards.

DFID published its first annual procurement and commercial report earlier this month, covering £1.2 billion ($1.5 billion) of aid spent through commercial suppliers in 2018-2019. The department has introduced a host of sweeping reforms to the way it works with private contractors, including a new code of conduct, fee caps, open-book accounting requirements, and measures intended to make it easier for small- and medium-sized enterprises to bid for tenders.

Read the report.